The advantage of this process is its flexibility of shape and efficient mass production. Extrusion process is used to create objects of a fixed cross-sectional profile, a material either metal or plastic pushed through a die of the desired cross-section.
The aluminum extrusion process actually starts with design, for it is the design of the part–based on its intended use–that determines the production parameters. Questions regarding machinability, function, finishing and surrounding circumstances will lead to the choice of the alloy. The function of the profile will determine the design of its form and, thus, the design of the die that shapes it.
Extrusion processes begins with the billet, which is the alloy from which profiles are extruded. The billet must be softened by heat before the extruding. The heated billet is placed into the extrusion press, a powerful hydraulic device wherein a ram pushes a dummy block that forces the softened metal through a precision opening, known as a die, to produce your desired form.
The advantage of this process is its flexibility to create multiple cross-sections, such as T slot, U slot, I slot, L slot, circular slots, square slots etc. Another advantage of this process is it is relatively cost effective when mass production is needed as it shortens the lead time.
Grades: AL6063, AL6061, AL6082, AL6060, AL5052
Grades: C3771 & C3604
|For Aluminum Extrusions Anodizing thickness 12-15 µm. Hard Anodizing thickness above 40µm. Can be done with gloss & matt, provide samples to match for.|
Minimal post processing are done upon request.
|Glass-bead Blasting Surface is left with a smooth matt surface. Abrasive particle size 100, 120 micron. We can also work on other grit sizes, name one and we will try accommodate your requirement.|
|Custom Feel free to consult with us about other types of surface treatments if needed.|
Basically, the MOQ for aluminum extrusion & brass extrusion is around 300kg.Common material serial numbers of the 6000 series we have here for aluminum extrusion are in the table above. Note that AL5052 has relatively more restriction in the forming process.For Brass Extrusion, we have currently done C3771 & C3604, but there should be more. Feel free to consult with us if you require other grades for extrusion.
Aluminum extrusion is a technique used to transform aluminum alloy into objects with a definitive cross-sectional profile for a wide range of uses. The extrusion process makes the most of aluminum’s unique combination of physical characteristics. It’s malleability allows the material to be easily machined and cast, and yet aluminum is one third the density and stiffness of steel alloys so the resulting products offer strength and stability, particularly when alloyed with other metals.
The Process of Aluminum Extrusion
The process of aluminum extrusion consists of the following steps:
- After designing and forming the shape of the die, a cylindrical billet of aluminum alloy is heated to 800°F-925°F.
- The aluminum billet is then transferred to a loader, where a lubricant is added to prevent it from sticking to the extrusion machine, the ram or the handle.
- Substantial pressure is applied to a dummy block using a ram, which pushes the aluminum billet into the container, forcing it through the die.
- To avoid the formation of oxides, nitrogen in liquid or gaseous form is introduced and allowed to flow through the sections of the die. This creates an inert atmosphere and increases the life of the die.
- The extruded part passes onto a run-out table as an elongated piece that is now the same shape as the die opening. It is then pulled to the cooling table where fans cool the newly created aluminum extrusion.
- When the cooling is completed, the extruded aluminum is moved to a stretcher, for straightening and work hardening.
- The hardened extrusions are brought to the saw table and cut according to the required lengths.
- The final step is to treat the extrusions with heat in age ovens, which hardens the aluminum by speeding the aging process.
Additional complexities may be applied during this process to further customize the extruded parts. For instance, to create hollow sections, pins or piercing mandrels are placed inside the die. After the extrusion process, a variety of options are available to adjust the color, texture and brightness of the aluminum’s finish. This may include aluminum anodizing or painting.
Today, aluminum extrusion is used for a wide range of purposes, including components of the International Space Station. These diverse applications are possible due to the advantageous attributes of aluminum, from its particular blend of strength and ductility to its conductivity, its non-magnetic properties and its ability to be recycled repeatedly without loss of integrity. All of these capabilities make aluminum extrusion a viable and adaptable solution for an growing number of manufacturing needs.